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"JOURNAL OF SPORT AND KINETIC MOVEMENT"

 

 

pISSN:2286 –3524 ;eISSN-2286 –3524

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EDITORIAL STAFF

Editor in Chief - Germina Cosma - University of Craiova - Theory and Methodology of Motor Activities  Department

Scientific Editor - Ligia Rusu - University of Craiova - Kinetotherapy and Sport Medicine Department
Scientific Editor - Dorina Orţănescu - University of Craiova - Theory and Methodology of Motor Activities  Department

Managing Editor - Costin Nanu - University of Craiova - Theory and Methodology of Motor Activities  Department

 

EDITORIAL BOARD

 

Cătălin Forţan, University of Craiova

Monoem Haddad, Faculty Sport Science Program College of Arts & Sciences, Qatar University, Qata
Cătălin Păunescu, University of Medicine and Pharmacy ”Carol Davila”, Bucharest
Aurora Ungureanu, University of Craiova
Luminiţa Marinescu, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova
Mirela Shaoo, University of Craiova

Bogdan Raţă, University of Bacău
Răzvan Mihai Barbu, University of Craiova

Mihaela Zavaleanu, University of Craiova

Nilufer Cetislu Korkmaz, Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

Sorin Cazacu, University of Craiova

 

SCIENTIFIC BOARD

 

Uğur Cavlak -Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey 

Malgorzata Sobera - University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland

Toganidis Theodoros – Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

Dragomir Marian – University of Craiova, Romania

Irina Juhas  -  University of Belgrade, Serbia

Grigore Vasilica - University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, Romania

Mehmet UYGUR – University of Delaware, USA

Liliana Mihăilescu – University of Pitesti, Romania

Gloria Raţă - "Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacău, Romania

Tatiana Dobrescu -"Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacău, Romania

Mariana Cordun - University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, Romania

Bas Aslan Ummuhan – Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

Mihaela Oraviţan – West University of Timisoara, Romania

Stevo Popovic - University of Montenegro, Montenegro

Eugenia Roşulescu -University of Craiova, Romania

Mihnea Marin - University of Craiova, Romania

Virgil Tudor -University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, Romania

Hasan Hallaçeli - Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey

Arzu Razak Özdinçler - İstanbul University, İstanbul, Turkey

Taina Avramescu - University of Craiova, Romania

Hakan Uysal - Osmangai University, Eskisehir, Turkey

Selçuk Akpinar - Nevşehir University, Turkey

Ilker Yılmaz - Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey

Zaggelidis Georgios - Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece

Mirela Călina - University of Craiova

Marian Crețu – University of Pitesti, Romania

Kursad Sertbas - Kocaeli University Faculty of Sport Science/Kocaeli - Turkey

Roberta Gheţu - University of Craiova

Ilona Ilinca - University of Craiova

Ummuhan Baş Aslan - Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

  

ISSN 2286 – 3524                                                                      

ISSN-L 2286 – 3524 

 Publisher: Universitaria

156 Brestei Street, 200177, Craiova, Romania

Editorial office address:

University of Craiova, Physical Education and Sports Faculty

156 Brestei Street, 200177, Craiova, Romania

 

THE AUTHORS ASSUME THE ENTIRE CONTENT OF THE PAPERS.

 

CONTENT

 

INCREASING THE EXECUTION SPEED OF OFFENSIVE AND DEFENSIVE TACTICAL ACTIONS IN THE FOOTBALL GAME AT THE TIME OF TRANSITION................ 5


 INTEGRATION OF SPORT WITH OTHER INDUSTRIES LIKE ENTERTAINMENT..................... 14


 EFFECTS OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION ON PAIN AND ASSOCIATED SYMPTOMS IN FIBROMYALGIA FEMALE PATIENTS ACCORDING TO NATIONALITY.............. 21


  INDIVIDUALIZED PHYSICAL TRAINING IN THE FOOTBALL GAME IN THE MIDDLE COMPARTMENT AT JUNIOR LEVEL "A". ...............28


 THE EFFICIENCY OF THERAPEUTIC PHYSICAL EXERCISE APPLIED ONLINE IN COMBATING CHRONIC PAIN LUMBAR SPINE............. 35


 THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPIES ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN FIBROMYALGIA PATIENTS........... 43


 THE CONTENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES IN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ OPINION.............. 53


 PERCEPTION OF FATIGUE IN YOUNG GENDERS......... 60


 THE OPTIMIZATION OF THE HIP PROSTHESIS REHABILITATION BY USING SWISS BALL EXERCISES............ 66


 TEAM SELECTION PROCESS IN ALPINE SKIING.......... 73


 VALUES OF THE BIOMOTRIC POTENTIAL OF THE 11 YEAR OLD STUDENTS FROM THE “FRAȚII BUZEȘTI” NATIONAL COLLEGE CRAIOVA COMPARED TO THOSE OF THE SCHOOL POPULATION IN ROMANIA...... 79


RISK ASSESSMENT TOOLS FOR BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN FEMALES WITH POSTMENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROSIS.............. 86


 THE PROBLEM OF SPECIFIC PREPARATION FOR THE 400M FLAT TEST IN THE VISION OF SPECIALISTS.........93


 SCIENTIFIC REFERENCES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT SYLLABUS.......97


THE INFLUENCE OF NARCISSISM AND AGGRESSION ON BODY IMAGE IN WEIGHT LIFTING AND MARTIAL ARTS.......100

Ryszard MAKAROWSKI, Radu PREDOIU, Germina COSMA,Cătălin FORȚAN, Alexandra PREDOIU


 CURRENT INTERVENTION POSSIBILITIES FOR AUTISTIC CHILDREN FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE PHYSICAL THERAPIST........106

Andreea Maria ROȘCA, Mihai Robert RUSU, Mihaela ZĂVĂLEANU, Ligia RUSU



 

INCREASING THE EXECUTION SPEED OF OFFENSIVE AND DEFENSIVE TACTICAL ACTIONS IN THE FOOTBALL GAME AT THE TIME OF TRANSITION

Dumitru BARBU1, Doru STOICA2

1,2University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Craiova, Romania

Correspondence author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract
This paper highlights some ways to improve the execution time of offensive and defensive tactical actions, the way in which they influence the increase of the football player’s specific speed. This aspect was experienced on a football team of 17-19-year-old junior from the Gică Popescu Football Academy, which participated in the Elite League Championship corresponding to their age. After the application of specific teaching methods, significant progress was registered at the level of all tested parameters. These football players carried out attack and defense actions with high speed, which has the opposing teams on the hip.

To meet these requirements, the player must find proper spots in the free space according to each situation, to control the ball in speed with any part of the body, to dribble in speed, to anticipate the opponent’s move, to be able to easily overtake defensive players. The player is aware of every move and makes decisions before his opponent does, performs technical-tactical procedures in high speed conditions.

A coherent integrated training, with higher indices of physical development and a high level of knowledge of the game, leads to high performance, which requires players’ rapid reactions to the opponents’ actions and fast-paced game.

Conclusive results were recorded in all tests: speed without the ball, execution speed of offensive tactical collective actions, but also in tests applied through defensive collective tactical actions of pressure pressing performed after a careful analysis of the field positions of the opposing players.

In conclusion, the results obtained in the paper recommend this way of approaching teaching, which can be materialized in an effective model of how a football team should act and participate.

Keywords: football, training, model, transition.



 

Integration of sport with other industries like entertainment

Mаrius Cătălin POPESCU, Leonardo Daniel PĂSĂRIN, Septimiu Sorin POPESCU, Drаgoş Lаurențiu DIАCONESCU, George Bogdаn BURCEА

University of Crаiovа, Fаculty of PhysicаlEducаtionаnd Sport, Crаiovа

Corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Sport is an increasingly widespread social phenomenon. Mankind is no longer so good at playing sports, but it excels at watching TV, and sports competitions are the favourite show. Why? Because sports have simple rules, easy to understand and add a special combination to entertainment. It's about drama, suspense, passion.

Unlike the art show, in the sports show everything is anchored in reality. Everything happens for real, the plasticity of the images that the show offers sports, the fact that the executions differ attributes to the competition the value of effective means of educating the aesthetic sense.

The sports show favourably influences the socio-affective field of the team and the members of a club. It also fulfils the economic function, there is a certain kind of sports show that has a role entertainment. In certain circumstances, sports as a spectacle influences the sphere of politics.

The symbiosis of the media - sport is almost perfect, because without media coverage, sport is not as attractive as television, radio and the written press does not satisfy the audience if they do not bring content to their programs especially since society is increasingly dependent on information.

Inthe paper "Integration of sport with other industries like entertainment" we try to present the main elements that led to this connection between sports and c, why sports came to be seen as a show and what are the main sports that offer a high degree of entertainment.

Keywordstechnology, entertainment, sport, connection.



 

EFFECTS OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION ON PAIN AND ASSOCIATED SYMPTOMS IN FIBROMYALGIA FEMALE PATIENTS ACCORDING TO NATIONALITY

Diana DRĂGOI¹, Cecilia PENACOBA PUENTE², Daniela MATEI3, Carmen Daniela NEAGOE4, Amelia Valentina GENUNCHE-DUMITRESCU4, Simona Laura IANOSI5, Sergiu Marian CAZACU4, Otilia Constantina ROGOVEANU3,  Taina Elena AVRAMESCU6

Department of Medical Rehabilitation, County Hospital Rmnicu Valcea, Romania;1

Psychology Department at the Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain;2

Department of Medical Rehabilitation, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Romania;3

Department of Internal Medicine-Gastroenterology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Romania;4

Department of Dermatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Romania;5

 Sport Medicine and Physioterapy, University of Craiova, Romania.6

Corresponding authors: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.;This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Aim This study aimed to analyse the possible differences regarding the relation between emotional variables (anxiety and depression), pain and the rest of fibromyalgia parameters according to nationality. Methods. We included 128 patients (64 from each country, respectivelly Romania and Spain) and we evaluated socio-demographic, diagnosis and clinical parameters by means of: clinical history, interview, observation, self-report questionnaires and pressure pain thresholds (algometry). Results. We observed that the nationality of the patients influenced the relation between experienced pain or associated symptoms and anxiety or depression. This relationship is more significant for the Romanian sample while for the Spanish patients the parameters are more independent. Conclusion.  Cultural differences have to be considered when establishing which symptoms are inherent to the diagnosis of FM and which of them come as consequences, in order to enable a better diagnosis and provide a more effective treatment for this condition.

Keywords: fibromyalgia, pain, anxiety, depression, cultural differences



 

INDIVIDUALIZED PHYSICAL TRAINING IN THE FOOTBALL GAME IN THE MIDDLE COMPARTMENT AT JUNIOR LEVEL "A"

 Doru Stoica1, Dumitru Barbu 1

University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, 146 Brestei Street, Craiova, Romania1

Correspondence author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract

The present research was carried out on a number of 5 midfielders of the Gică Popescu Football Academy and aimed to find the most efficient methods of physical training in the game of football. The paper is a scientific investigation of individualized physical training in the winter preparatory period specific to juniors A, trying to give an even deeper emphasis on the training stage for this age group, known the complexity and special responsibility of coaches working at this level. The research was carried out during two calendar months of the winter preparatory period, to verify the accumulated physical potential by performing three tests in the form of control tests, whose  results validated the accuracy of the methodology used in training midfielders. Through this paper we aimed to highlight the most effective training model for the individualized physical training of football players who specialize in the position of midfielder at junior level A. We also aimed at: achieving ways to design the organization of the physical training program model, as well as its differentiated planning according to the athletes’ current training period; highlighting the particularities of midfielders’ physical training in junior level A football teams; bringing a set of models for organizing the physical training program for the junior A football players, specialized on the position of midfielder during the winter, in front of the specialists.

Keywords: football, midfielders, individualized physical training.



 

THE EFFICIENCY OF THERAPEUTIC PHYSICAL EXERCISE APPLIED ONLINE IN COMBATING CHRONIC PAIN LUMBAR SPINE

Alexandru ILIE1, Radu PREDOIU2*, Germina COSMA3

1 RestartiX Center, 1 Anastasie Panu Street, Bucharest, Romania

2 National University of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport,

140 Constantin Noica Street, Bucharest, Romania

3University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, 146 Brestei Street, Craiova, Romania

*Corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: With the onset of the pandemic, the world has changed and everyone was forced to stay in the house for a few weeks, and after that period, nothing was the same. The researchers point out that online physiotherapy should become an integral part of the post-COVID-19 treatment mix. Through this study we want to highlight the effectiveness of therapeutic physical exercise applied online in patients with chronic low back pain. This clinical condition is characterized by pain in the lumbar area between 2 and 7 (VAS), over a period of more than 3 months and negatively affects labor productivity, affecting more and more people. According to the WHO, 60% to 70% of adults in industrialized countries suffer from chronic low back pain. The most affected age is 50-55 years. Our study was conducted on a sample of 50 participants aged 40 to 50 years with chronic low back pain - VAS initially assessed between 5 and 6. Another selection criterion was the presence of pain of at least 6 months. In addition to assessing pain using VAS, participants performed a set of functional tests. The implemented program consisted of 20 sessions broadcast live, the duration of each session was 40 minutes, the pace of the sessions being 3 times / week. Following the final evaluation using VAS, but also as a result of the resuming of the battery of functional tests, the results showed a significant reduction in pain felt by participants (paired t test was used) and a significant improvement in body function.

 Keywords: chronic low back pain, online physiotherapy, online exercise, online recovery, quality of life



THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPIES ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN FIBROMYALGIA PATIENTS

Diana DRĂGOI¹, Cecilia PENACOBA PUENTE², Daniela MATEI³*, Otilia ROGOVEANU³, Laura PĂUN⁴, Simona PĂTRU³

1Department of Medical Rehabilitation, County Hospital Rmnicu Valcea, Romania

2Psychology Department at the Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain

3Department of Medical Rehabilitation, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Romania

4Prima Clinic, Craiova, Romania

 Corresponding author: *This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Abstract:

The unclear etiology and pathogenic mechanisms, as well as the multitude of symptoms displayed by Fibromyalgia patients, are some of the factors that prevent the therapeutic approach of this condition from a single angle.The Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome was the object of a considerable number of therapeutic attempts, most of them with unconfirmed results. The fact that there are no pharmacological treatments with undoubted efficacy has led to the appearance of other types of therapy such as kinetic therapy, occupational therapy or cognitive-behavioral therapy  among others.

The objective of our prospective study was to evaluate the effects of an interventional programin quality of life of FM patients using domains such as pain and associated symptoms, impact of the disease and functional status. We aimed at monitoring the patients’ response to several types of therapy including cognitive-behavioral therapy and occupational therapy (n=32), kinetic therapy (n=34) and physical therapy (n=30) compared to a control group (n=32) that was not subjected to any form of therapy. The interventional groups registered different improvements in Quality of life parameters and some of them were still maintained at the Follow-up evaluation.

Keywords: fibromyalgia, cognitive-behavioral therapy,kinetotherapy, quality of life.



THE CONTENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES

IN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ OPINION

 Carmen Mariana GEORGESCU (BĂRȚĂGUI)1, Dorina ORȚĂNESCU2

1 "Carol I" National College, Craiova

2Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, University of Craiova

*Corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Abstract: Physical Education is a compulsory school subject included in the core curriculum due to its contribution to the fulfilment of the purpose and objectives of formative education. It aims at maintaining an optimal state of health, ensuring the harmonious physical development of the body, improving the general motor capacity, forming the habit of independent and systematic performance of physical exercises and the manifestation of a motor capacity favourable to social and professional insertion.

The process of reforming the Romanian education system, as well as the society as a whole, requires, in our opinion, a reorientation of teaching strategies, namely the operationalization of the best tools in order to increase the attractiveness of physical education classes.

In the present study we attempted to identify the students’ options regarding the educational offer included in the curriculum for physical education and the possible means by which it could acquire greater attractiveness.

To this end, we drew up an opinion questionnaire which was administered to high school students with the aim to identify both the degree of satisfaction of students regarding the content of physical education classes and the forms of physical exercise they prefer to practise.

The analysis of the obtained data highlighted the need to expand the educational offer according to the existing school facilities, the students being attracted by the latest forms of physical exercise.

Key words: physical education, educational offer, sports branches, physical exercise, motivation, sedentary lifestyle



  

PERCEPTION OF FATIGUE IN YOUNG GENDERS

Elena SABAU, Georgeta NICULESCU

Spiru Haret University

Correspondending author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Abstract

Introduction: Fatigue is a physiological reversible state, which diminishes and disappears on rest state, on motionless.

Material and methods: We used for the study: speciality literature through books, articles, studies. Personal observation and experiences contributed to the study as well. Biological, psychological, social, and training information are also based on the study. The operational method used was an original questionnaire. It has 10 items, about the perception of fatigue on different sphere of the body. The subjects were 48 young people: 29 males, average aged 22.72, and 19 females aged 25.78. We recorded the answer and analysed them. The answers were reported as a percentage, according to the four rank of fatigue perception. The results were presented on graphic percentage, for males and females.

Results: The items answers were analysed for males and females, on forth level of fatigue.

Conclusions: The results suggest females were more tired, than males, deducted by the genders answers. The basic hypothesis was denied.

Keywords: fatigue, young males, young females



 

THE OPTIMIZATION OF THE HIP PROSTHESIS REHABILITATION BY USING SWISS BALL EXERCISES

 Nicoleta Daniela CALOTĂ1, Alin LARION2

1Ovidius University of Constanta, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Constanta, Romania; Techirghiol Balneal and Recovery Sanatorium, Techirghiol, Romania

2Ovidius University of Constanta, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Constanta, Romania; Romanian Olimpic Comitee, Romania

Abstract

Aim: Besides the classical approach of the coxo-femural joint during physical therapy sessions, there is always space to improve the old methods or to create new ones. That is why this study had as purpose to optimize the hip prosthesis rehabilitation, by introducing a set of Swiss ball exercises especially designed for the coxo-femural joint recovery, with the increasing of muscular tonicity, hip mobility and stability as main objectives. The Swiss ball, also named fitness ball, stability ball or balance ball, made by soft rubber and having various diameters is a great tool to improve strength, balance and cardio-endurance in general.

Methods: The study was conducted at the Techirghiol Balneal and Recovery Sanatorium in the summer of 2019 and included 4 subjects, 2 men and 2 women, all having approximatelly a 3 month post hip prosthesis surgery period. They were divided into two groups, control and experimental. Each subject attended a number of 15 physical therapy sessions, 60 minutes per session. Both groups performed a classical program of physical exercises, with analitical lower limbs mobilisation and only to the experimental group a set of 7 Swiss ball exercises was added, using balls with 45 cm and 55 cm diameters, along with the standard approach of the control group.

Results: The obtained results were presented in the dynamics of their evolution, starting from the data recorded at the first evaluation, until the end of the research. The comparison between the two groups results evidentiated progress for both, but with higher values for the experimental group.

Conclusions: The Swiss bal exercises helped at restoring the prosthetic hip faster, by accelerating the submission of local inflammatory process and improving strenghth and hip mobility and thus its stability and the subjects motor control and coordination. This type of exercises represent a pleasant and an easy way to perform the physical therapy sessions and that is why it has a positive psychological impact on patients, who see their impairment as an obstacle in their normal style of living.

Medical recovery by the use of physical exercises is a very useful complex to compensate the functional and structural alterations that occur during the evolution of the coxo-femural joint suffering and represents the only way to ensure the maximum exploitation of the body potential.

Keywords: hip prosthesis, recovery, Swiss ball exercises



 

TEAM SELECTION PROCESS IN ALPINE SKIING

Oana Maria JURCA1

1University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Brestei Str. no. 146, Craiova, 200207, Romania

*Corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: Alpine skiing is a winter sport, with great popularity among both performance athletes and amateurs who practice it for recreational purposes. The selection process is considered as a basic factor of sports performance, along with sports training and the existence of the necessary conditions to practice this sport in competitive conditions. The selection aims to identify and initiate talented young people, keep them in the ski teams, and prepare them for performance. Unfortunately, in the current global context, the general rules of health protection against the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, as well as the rules on access to sports facilities, strongly affect the ability to carry out indoor training. Through this paper, the author follows the evolution of a target group consisting of children aged 10-11 years, from the Petroșani School Sports Club, selected in the 2019-2020 school year, from a number of 50 students. Using as a method of evaluation a test battery containing four sports trials (Vertical Jumps - DET, Standing Long Jumps - SLL, Shuttle 5m -NAV 5m, and Side Jumps over an obstacle of 3 cm, on two legs, for 10 sec. - SLAT), the paper makes a comparison of the results obtained by the target group in the school year 2020-2021, compared to the previous school year. By interpreting the obtained results, both at general and individual level, certain conclusions can be drawn that lead to the improvement and adaptation of the selection process of future performance skiers to special situations, such as the one that humanity is going through today.

Keywords: alpine skiing, selection of children and juniors, control trials



 

VALUES OF THE BIOMOTRIC POTENTIAL OF THE 11 YEAR OLD STUDENTS FROM THE “FRAȚII BUZEȘTI” NATIONAL COLLEGE CRAIOVA COMPARED TO THOSE OF THE SCHOOL POPULATION IN ROMANIA

1Marina ELENA (IORDĂCHESCU), 2Dorina ORȚĂNESCU

  1. “Frații Buzești” National College, Craiova

2.Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Craiova

Corresponding author:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: Physical education is a discipline of study component of the core curriculum having among other general competencies, the use of specific acquisitions for one's own harmonious physical development through which other specific competencies can be met, the use of favorable effects of physical education and sports in the constant practice of physical exercises, for optimizing health, harmonious physical development and motor capacity, demonstrating a behavior appropriate to specific rules, during the organization, practice and participation as a spectator in physical education and sports activities.

After 1990, there is a regression of the biomotor potential of students in Romania, compared to the results recorded years ago, a situation with undesirable implications, in the medium and long term, in terms of health of the school population in the medium and long term. In the context of a modern society in which the health of the population is increasingly affected by the sedentary lifestyle, the periodic assessment of the biomotor potential of students is necessary in order to reconfigure the teaching strategies and practical-methodical actions required[1].

Monitoring the biomotor potential of the school population is an important diagnostic and prediction tool for specialists in the field, the data obtained representing objective assessments of how the objectives pursued by school programs in the field of physical education are achieved.

In this context, the present study aims to determine the level of biomotor development of a target group composed of students of the National College Frații Buzești compared to the level of the school population of the same valley remains from Romania.

Keywords: physical education, biomotor potential, motor ability



 

RISK ASSESSMENT TOOLS FOR BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN FEMALES WITH POSTMENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROSIS

Daniela MATEI¹*, Roxana CORBEA², Paulina CIUREA¹, Otilia ROGOVEANU¹, Laura PĂUN³,

1University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Romania

2County Hospital Slatina, Romania

3Prima Clinic, Craiova, Romania

Corresponding author: *This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract

There is much controversy regarding the involvement of risk factors in the development of the osteoporosis and the subsequent occurrence of bone fractures. It is obvious that women live almost a third of their lives without the protection that estrogen hormones provide to the bones, that is why the menopause is the main risk factor for post-menopause osteoporosis. Other parameters such as patient’s age, height, weight (both current and at the time of menopause) can be of real use for detecting the patients at risk of developing osteoporosis and especially for secondary prevention. This paper aims to correlate two Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) parameters (Z-score, T-score) with risk factors for bone loss. The study sample consisted of female patients with post-menopause  OP  living in the South of Romania. According to our study, the effect of the 3 investigated parameters (age, height and weight at postmenopause status onset)  was correlated with the T and  Z scores but we found that the main factor influencing the both values is the age at which menopause set.

Keywords: osteoporosis, T-score, Z-score, risk factors.



 

THE PROBLEM OF SPECIFIC PREPARATION FOR THE 400M FLAT TEST IN THE VISION OF SPECIALISTS

Alina Elena ALBINĂ1, Constantin ALBINĂ1, Andreea Mihaela ALBINĂ2

1University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport

2 Masters Student Physical Education and Sport

Abstract. The process of formation and training of a 400m flat runner at the international level is very difficult, the athlete and coach must find the best way of achieving the desired outcome thru a complex process. The coach designed training plans based on scientific knowledge keeping in mind the runners' predispositions, capacities to support different types and intensities of effort, and physical features. All efforts are aimed at continuous training to achieve high performance.

To investigate this process, we developed a questionnaire answered by 20 coaches, who work at sports clubs in Romania, who provided us with a large volume of information on opinions on the main methods and means used in training, about the volume and intensities used in an annual training cycle, as well as about the main means of verifying training outcomes. All the coaches are specialists and train athletes are the age category 16-19 years. All coaches were asked to complete the questionnaire, which included 10 questions, regarding to the topic of the paper. The questions were formulated clearly and concisely to obtain the most eloquent answers. Comparing the answers with the nationals training guideline, the obtained results can give us some answers regarding the preparation used by coaches to achieve the best preparation of their athletes.

Keywords: experts, specific training, athlete’s performance



 

 

SCIENTIFIC REFERENCES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT SYLLABUS

Alina Elena ALBINĂ1, Constantin ALBINĂ1, Andreea Mihaela ALBINĂ2

1University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport

2 Student in master classes at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport

Abstract: The credit transfer system requires an accurate correlation between the structure and size of the new curricula, it requires widening of the academic offering by developing analytical study curriculums for each subject separately. The realization of a unitary curriculum regarding the fundamental training given the present diversity is a difficult approach, but the tracing of some commonly accepted guidelines represents a decisive step in establishing some starting points for a conceptual unity. The choice of disciplines should be directly related to the actions necessary for the profession. The development of the subdomains of the field is given by the internal dynamics of the sports performance activity. Which include: the theory of the specific domain, sports psychology, sociology, motor biomechanics, sports biochemistry and physiology, sports legislation and management, sports economics (including elements of sports marketing), the pedagogy and methodology of sports, specialty didactics, adapted sports didactics, physical therapy, and rehabilitation. It is necessary to follow the didactic programs of sports and other disciplines and be aware of the principles that need to be fulfilled. The knowledge and validation by the university are not acquired instantly, those take place in stages that are connected. The stages are: "Baccalaureate", "Bachelor", "Master", "Doctorate", and they represent training/ knowledge levels.

Based on the curriculum, training programs that need to respect a proper relation between the forms of training are conceived.

That being one of the most important qualitative indicators in the appreciation of the activity efficiency.

Keywords: curriculum, analytical, training programs, sports activity


THE INFLUENCE OF NARCISSISM AND AGGRESSION ON BODY IMAGE IN WEIGHT LIFTING AND MARTIAL ARTS

Ryszard MAKAROWSKI1, Radu PREDOIU2, Germina COSMA3,Cătălin FORȚAN3, Alexandra PREDOIU2*

 1 Elbląg University of Humanities and Economics, Faculty of Administration and Social Sciences

Elbląg, Poland

2 National University of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport,

Bucharest, Romania

3University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Craiova, Romania

*corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Abstract: The main index of male attractiveness is muscularity, which is related to strength and agility. A focus on own appearance is considered one of the main features of narcissism, which may be manifested in both adaptive or maladaptive, for example, aggressive forms of behavior. Materials and method: One hundred and twelve men training in martial arts (Muay Thai, kickboxing, and MMA) and 96 men training in kettlebell lifting took part in the study. The study employed the Body Esteem Scale (BES), the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), and the Buss-Durkee Aggression Questionnaire (AQ). Results: The analysis showed that narcissism levels were higher among men training in martial arts than strength sports, in this case kettlebell lifting. It was revealed that aggression levels on all subscales were higher among men training in kettlebell lifting than martial arts athletes. Conclusion: Noticeable sudden aggressive behaviors in athletes may indicate anabolic steroid use. Particular attention should be paid to such behaviors in athletes training in strength sports.

 Keywords: martial arts, kettlebell lifting, narcissism, aggression.


 

CURRENT INTERVENTION POSSIBILITIES FOR AUTISTIC CHILDREN FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE PHYSICAL THERAPIST

Andreea Maria ROȘCA1, Mihai Robert RUSU2, Mihaela ZĂVĂLEANU2, Ligia RUSU2

 1PhD Student, University of Craiova,

2University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport

Corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Abstract. Therapists need to be well informed when recommending and choosing the interventions for autistic autism spectrum disorder (ASD) children. New therapies emerge and a wealth of research sustains their positive effects. Some of the studies have stood the test of time, some of them emerge with the evolution of techniques and new comprehension of autism pathology. The physical therapist must understand and know all those therapies effects especially on such a complex condition like autism spectrum disorder.

Are there effective physical therapy/kinetic methods to improve the motor performance involved in functional coordination (such as gait and balance, arm functions and movement planning) for autistic children? Is there a special approach or special benefits from the physical therapy domain for autistic patients, children or young people, that a therapist must know, recommend and apply? What does the physical therapist need to know when working with an autistic patient? These are the main questions that the paper seeks to answer.

Key words: autism, physical therapy, intervention, motor assessment scales





 

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