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pISSN:2286 –3524 ;eISSN-2286 –3524


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Editor in Chief - Germina Cosma - University of Craiova - Theory and Methodology of Motor Activities  Department

Scientific Editor - Ligia Rusu - University of Craiova - Kinetotherapy and Sport Medicine Department
Scientific Editor - Dorina Orţănescu - University of Craiova - Theory and Methodology of Motor Activities  Department

Managing Editor - Costin Nanu - University of Craiova - Theory and Methodology of Motor Activities  Department




Cătălin Forţan, University of Craiova

Monoem Haddad, Faculty Sport Science Program College of Arts & Sciences, Qatar University, Qata
Cătălin Păunescu, University of Medicine and Pharmacy ”Carol Davila”, Bucharest
Aurora Ungureanu, University of Craiova
Luminiţa Marinescu, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova
Mirela Shaoo, University of Craiova

Bogdan Raţă, University of Bacău
Răzvan Mihai Barbu, University of Craiova

Mihaela Zavaleanu, University of Craiova

Nilufer Cetislu Korkmaz, Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

Sorin Cazacu, University of Craiova




Uğur Cavlak -Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey 

Malgorzata Sobera - University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland

Toganidis Theodoros – Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

Dragomir Marian – University of Craiova, Romania

Irina Juhas  -  University of Belgrade, Serbia

Grigore Vasilica - University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, Romania

Mehmet UYGUR – University of Delaware, USA

Liliana Mihăilescu – University of Pitesti, Romania

Gloria Raţă - "Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacău, Romania

Tatiana Dobrescu -"Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacău, Romania

Mariana Cordun - University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, Romania

Bas Aslan Ummuhan – Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

Mihaela Oraviţan – West University of Timisoara, Romania

Stevo Popovic - University of Montenegro, Montenegro

Eugenia Roşulescu -University of Craiova, Romania

Mihnea Marin - University of Craiova, Romania

Virgil Tudor -University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, Romania

Hasan Hallaçeli - Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey

Arzu Razak Özdinçler - İstanbul University, İstanbul, Turkey

Taina Avramescu - University of Craiova, Romania

Hakan Uysal - Osmangai University, Eskisehir, Turkey

Selçuk Akpinar - Nevşehir University, Turkey

Ilker Yılmaz - Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey

Zaggelidis Georgios - Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece

Mirela Călina - University of Craiova

Marian Crețu – University of Pitesti, Romania

Kursad Sertbas - Kocaeli University Faculty of Sport Science/Kocaeli - Turkey

Roberta Gheţu - University of Craiova

Ilona Ilinca - University of Craiova

Ummuhan Baş Aslan - Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey


ISSN 2286 – 3524                                                                      

ISSN-L 2286 – 3524 

 Publisher: Universitaria

156 Brestei Street, 200177, Craiova, Romania

Editorial office address:

University of Craiova, Physical Education and Sports Faculty

156 Brestei Street, 200177, Craiova, Romania





Oana PETRESCU, Cătălin PĂUNESCU, Silviu PETRESCU, Gabriel PITIGOI, Maria Liliana MIRCICA. 5

Florentina POPESCU, Maria-Cristiana PORFIREANU, Cristian RISTEA. 20

Carmen Daniela NEAGOE,Elena Taina AVRAMESCU, Anca Maria AMZOLINI, Cristina Elena SINGER, Simona Laura IANOSI, Amelia Valentina GENUNCHE, Gabriel Nicolae IANOSI,  Anca  Smaranda  FARMAZON,   Sergiu Marian CAZACU, Mihaela POPESCU. 24

George Bogdan BURCEA, Roberta Georgiana GHEȚU, Marian Alexandru COSMA, Albină CONSTANTIN, Robert MUNTEANU. 34

George Bogdan BURCEA,  Maria Elena RĂDOI, Luminița BRABIESCU CĂLINESCU, Alina Elena ALBINĂ, Andreea Mihaela ALBINĂ. 39

Doru STOICA, Dumitru BARBU. 43

Dumitru BARBU, Doru STOICA, Daniel CIOCĂNESCU. 49

Mihaela POPESCU, Daniela NEAGOE, Georgiana UNGUREANU, Adrian Ionut UNGUREANU. 56

Sofia BRATU. 65

Elena BUHOCIU. 69

Anca JIANU. 75

Nicolae-Alexandru BANCIU, Germina COSMA, Eliana LICĂ. 80

Veronica MINOIU, George Emilian MINOIU. 86

Marian Costin NANU,  Dorina ORȚĂNESCU, Roxana DUMITRU , Germina COSMA, Cătălin FORȚAN. 91

Gabriel Ioan MANGRA, Alexandru Octavian SIMION, Eliana LICĂ. 97

Marius Cătălin POPESCU, Septimiu Sorin POPESCU, Gabriel Ioan MANGRA, Dragoş Laurențiu DIACONESCU, Mihai Constantin Răzvan BARBU. 101


         Identity and Adolescence.

A Perspective on Scientific Studies

Oana PETRESCU1, Cătălin PĂUNESCU2*, Silviu PETRESCU3, Gabriel PITIGOI4, Maria Liliana MIRCICA5

1,2,3,4,5"Carol Davila'' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Dionisie Lupu Street no. 37, Bucharest, 020022, Romania

*corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: Over time, adolescence has been recognized as a particularly difficult time for this category of population, being full of uncertainties and vulnerable feelings. Identity is often characterized as one’s interpersonal characteristics (such as self-definition or personality traits), roles and relationships assumed in different interactions, personal values or moral beliefs. In this research stage, there were introduced original studies identified in international databases, which brought to discussion the two investigated variables: identity and adolescence. The qualitative assessment of scientific articles published in reference journals or presented at international conferences was achieved relying on the PICO process, a technique mainly used in evidence-based practice to answer a research question. Purpose of literature review was to identify scientific studies addressing the role of identity in adolescent formation and development, and also to determine the causal relationships between identity and self-esteem, identity and anxiety, identity and ego development, cultural identity during adolescence. This analyze on scientific studies reveals the depth and complexity of identity processes and areas, and presents views from several different studies and theoretical schools, as well as empirical approaches some studies suggest that girls’ self-esteem tend to decrease in adolescence, more recent research does not bring arguments in this respect. The relationships of adolescents with their families are not always comfortable, their rebellions being something common in this period of life.

Keywords: personality, identity, adolescence, self-esteem, cultural identity, moral identity.


Statistical aspects of basketball at the Olympics Games - the last five editions.

Florentina POPESCU1*, Maria-Cristiana PORFIREANU2, Cristian RISTEA3

1,3Spiru Haret University, 24, Berceni Road, Bucharest

2Academy of Economic Studies 6, Romana str. Bucharest

*This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: Introduction: Basketball is a collective (team) sports game, being part of the invented sports games category. Its quality as a sports game, places it as a specialized sub-domain of sports culture and education, of sports civilization. In 1891 Professor James A. Naismith of the Springfield College - Massachusetts invented a game that would be called "basketball", in order to attract students to the physical education lessons held in the classroom in the winter. A few months after its introduction into the school (January 1892), in the Gazette of the College, a number of 13 rules appeared that remain today, mostly making up the basic principles of basketball.

In 1904 - men's basketball, makes an appearance at J.O. from Saint Louis (USA) for demonstration purposes, and in 1936 was introduced in the OJ program in Berlin.

Women's basketball is included in the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal, Canada.

The dynamics of the game increased, the technique and tactics evolved permanently, recording new values ​​of the game model indicators with the passage of time. Their increased values ​​were also due to the game regulation that has been modified and due to the physical abilities of the players who have evolved

Hypothesis: The game parameters model, represent the basketball games trends, on last five edition.

The main study’s method is bibliographic documentation, completed by active observation.

Discussions and conclusions Basketball model content depends on biological, physical fitness and technical abilities.

Keywords: basketball game, Olympic Games, model game.



Carmen Daniela NEAGOE1,Elena Taina AVRAMESCU2, Anca Maria AMZOLINI3, Cristina Elena SINGER4, Simona Laura IANOSI5, Amelia Valentina GENUNCHE1, Gabriel Nicolae IANOSI6,  Anca  Smaranda  FARMAZON7*,   Sergiu Marian CAZACU8, Mihaela POPESCU9

1) 1st Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova

2) Sport Medicine and Physioterapy, University of Craiova
3) 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova

4) 2nd Department of Pediatrics, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova

5)Department of Dermatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova
6) Department of Surgery, Medical Center Dr. Ianosi, Private Practice, Craiova

7) Ph Student, Department of Pharmacology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova

8)Department of Gastroenterology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova

9)Department of Endocrinology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova
Corresponding author: *This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: The impact of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, under epidemiological, biological, pathogenic and social-economic aspect is tightly connected to obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. The prevalence of the disease has rapidly increased, in parallel to the dramatic increase of the population suffering from obesity and diabetes mellitus and to the decrease of physical activity in the daily living. One such consequence of our sedentary and excessive lifestyle is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is now considered the most common cause of chronic liver disease. The natural history of the non-alcoholic fatty liver depends on the histological type at the time of  diagnosis. “The golden standard” in the diagnosis of the lesions from NAFLD is represented by the hepatic biopsy. There are a series of disadvantages and problems in the clinical practice, related to the hepatic biopsy namely: intra and interobservational variability, considerable error rate in the absence of some patognomonical histological modifications, high cost, invasive method, low adherence of the patient, risk of complications. Some non invasive diagnosis methods can be used in the management of  NAFLD patients. Up to now no non-invasive method considered separately, doesn’t have enough accuracy to allow the replacement of  hepatic biopsy in the certitude of NAFLD, but if we combine them, we can reduce the number of those patients who perform the biopsy to set the progression of the disease. Furthermore, interdisciplinary studies are needed to examine the individual contributions of physical inactivity and  overnutrition to the escalating prevalence of NAFLD.

Keywords: NAFLD,  liver biopsy, non-invasive scores, disease progression.



George Bogdan BURCEA, Roberta Georgiana GHEȚU, Marian Alexandru COSMA, Albină CONSTANTIN, Robert MUNTEANU

 Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, University of Craiova, Romania

Abstract: The physical preparation basic component of the sports training, marks the entire training process, determining the players performance, in both training and competitions. In sports activity, the development of the general motor skills is given by the level of physical training. The level reached today by the development of sports practice, like any activity with interdisciplinary characteristics, is permanently subject to a dynamic alert, leaving aside techniques and means to operate in training, because they do not correspond to the requirements for obtaining performances. The studies took place at CSS Craiova, concerning the junior team under 16 – who participates to the national junior championship. It started the development of science -based operational model that contained standardized means of preparation that would lead to a more efficient process.  To verify the level of physical training achieved, we applied the specific motility tests of the Romanian Basketball Federation. The evolution of the results obtained by the players at the final test, compared to the initial test, confirms the hypothesis formulated, the operational models used during the study period being efficient in the direction of optimizing the preparation.

Keywords: physical preparation, training, operational models, juniors.



George Bogdan BURCEA¹,  Maria Elena RĂDOI², Luminița BRABIESCU CĂLINESCU3, Alina Elena ALBINĂ4, Andreea Mihaela ALBINĂ5

1,3,4,5Faculty of Phisical Education and Sports,  University of Craiova, Romania.

²Coach to National Center of Excellence, Râmnicu-Vâlcea

Abstract: The handball game and everything that is needed and conditioned by it is constantly changing and evolving,  with a permanent progressive dynamics. The competition at the top is a tough fight and the professionals are always observing and investigating ways and solutions to improve the game, as well as the training process,  trying to  surprise the others.

The study is structured on the constitutive elements of a methodical concept of learning and improving the attack game (system transformation), as a way of adapting it to the conditions imposed by the characteristics of a modern game. We mention that the conditioning elements are aimed at increasing the efficiency of the attacking game.

The methodological line used is based on observations made over a period of about one year, training the C.N.E. Râmnicu Vâlcea under-17  junior players, and it aimed at the acquiring of the handball content, but also at obtaining relevant results in official competitions attended.

Thus, the means selected and presented were based on a concept used methodically, over a period of one year and according to the time of preparation allotted, they had different results.

We appreciate the practical results achieved, using the training, methodical concept and its elements are viable, ensuring a clear increase in the level of the technical and tactical actions ownership and use in the game.

Keywords: training, transformation,  attack-system, players.


Sports competitions on reduced pitch areas - a means of training and evaluation in the football game

Doru STOICA, Dumitru BARBU

 University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport  

Correspondence address: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: The present research represents a scientific investigation carried out for a period of 1 year, on the importance and influence of the game of football on reduced pitch areas, regarding the development of the motor qualities, as well as the learning of the basic technical elements and procedures, in children aged 6-7 years. The research was carried out on a number of 36 children, aged 6-7 years, from the “Gica Popescu Football Academy”, respectively the Sport School, divided into two groups: experiment and witness, numerically equal.

The purpose of the research is to highlight for this age, the importance of playing football on a reduced pitch area, as well as the need to systematize the methods and means of developing the motor qualities, and to learn the basic technical elements and procedures, specific to the game.

The methods used in this research were the observation method, the experiment method and the statistical-mathematical method.

Results. Following the analysis and interpretation of the data obtained after the two tests, the indices of the motor parameters tested in the experimental group are superior to the control one, in all the tests.

Conclusions. Competition and training on a small field represent a significant means of increasing the motor qualities indices and the proper acquisition of the technical elements and procedures, specific to the football game. Learning the technical-tactical actions, in adverse conditions, proves its usefulness in playing the football game on the reduced pitch area, for this age segment, all of these findings resulting from the test values.

Keywords: football, reduced pitch area, training, performance.


How to design a model for approaching the methodical-scientific conception of training and competition in the football game


University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Craiova, Romania

Correspondence address: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: At the national level, a strategy for children’s, juniors’ and seniors’ development in the football game is not yet clearly conceived. This paper highlights some aspects that must be considered in this regard. Therefore, we have built a structure that is based on the development of the football player, with the coach and the football player in the center of it, but without neglecting the conditions of ambiance within a certain club.

The purpose of our research is to rank the elements underlying the constitution of the conception of play and training, adapted to the specificity of the Romanian football player as well as to establish the scientific foundations that must be respected in order to obtain a coherent direction of participation at the lowest level of sports training.

Within the model of scientific and methodical approach, for each stage of training there are methods and means that will make the athlete's participation more attractive, with no aspect of the total football game being excluded from the training. In training, a central place is occupied by mental training, which gives the football player the motivation to participate at the highest level.

The general directions established in the research will finally lead the athlete to a higher level of preparation and creative interpretation of all the situations which could occur in the official competitions.

At the same time, emphasis will be placed on theoretically and methodically well-trained athletes, with a high capacity for understanding the information transmitted by the coach, for analysis and superior synthesis of participation in adversity circumstances.

The conclusions of the research synthesize the essence of  designing the model based on the methodical stepping of the training and on the high development of the football player from 5-6 years old up to the senior level.

Keywords: football, training, model, game design, development stages, ambiance.




Mihaela POPESCU1, Daniela NEAGOE1, Georgiana UNGUREANU2, Adrian Ionut UNGUREANU3

1The University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Craiova, Romania

2The “Filantropia” Municipal Clinical Hospital in Craiova, Romania

3The Emergency Clinical County Hospital in Craiova, Romania

* Correspondence address: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:  Thyroid hormones have a global effect on the whole body, the heart being particularly sensitive to their action. Both hypo- and hyperthyroidism cause various cardiac abnormalities and, therefore, the management of these diseases is very important. The aim of this study is to highlight the arrhythmic risk and the echocardiographic changes in the young patients (between 18 and 45 years old), with a high degree of physical activity, diagnosed with hypo- / hyperthyroidism. There have been enrolled 71 patients (60 women, 11 men), diagnosed with thyroid pathology, without known cardiovascular history. The group studied and categorized from the endocrine point of view in hypo- or hyperthyroidism was investigated by non-invasive methods regarding cardio-vascular parameters. Abnormal diastolic filling of the left ventricle (suggestive for the alteration of left ventricular relaxation and diastolic filling times) is a common manifestation in hypo- and hyperthyroidism, so the observed diastolic dysfunction may be the prelude to more severe limitations of cardiac function and physical performance.  Thyroid pathology may be a major risk factor in the initiation of cardiovascular disorders. Taking into consideration the incidence of subclinical thyroid dysfunction, routine dosing of TSH in the presence of cardiovascular manifestations is required. In the current practice there is a general effort of increasing the awareness of the medical staff on the arrhythmic risk and on the special importance of this problem in the evaluation of the young sportsman by a multidisciplinary department.

Keywords: hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, arrhythmic risk, exercising young people.


Aggression in sports. Paradigms. Causes


Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: Rise in antisocial behaviour – which can take various forms, including aggression – represents a real danger for the individual, the community and even the humanity as a species. Failure to tackle this topic in a responsible manner, ignoring it or addressing it as a metaphysical, unchangeable fact leads to dehumanisation, reduced social cohesion and negative models. Unfortunately, this epidemic occurs also in sports.

Purpose: This paper aims at presenting the representative theories of different paradigms on aggression – one of the manifestations of antisocial behaviour, identifying and addressing the underlying causes of such behaviour, which is the starting point of initiating prevention and control programmes.

Problem statement is obvious: the more root causes of aggression we identify, the more aggressive behaviour prevention measures we can initiate.

Research methods: We conducted qualitative research based on analysis of social documents.

Conclusion: Addressing aggressive behaviour should be a constant concern among researchers, irrespective of their area of expertise, until they’ve discovered and initiated efficient prevention and control programmes.

Keywords: aggression, biological-ethological paradigm, psychosocial, sociocultural, causes.


The role of kinesitherapy in the treatment of holoprosencephaly in children


Spiru Haret University, 24 Berceni Road

Bucharest, Romania

Abstract: Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which the two hemispheres are more or less fused. Depending on the degree of the interhemispheric fissure’s extension, there are 3 forms: the alobar form (with 3 subtypes: plane, cup and spherical), the semilobar form and the lobular form.

Alobar holoprosencephaly is the most severe form, in which the prosencephalon is not divided, persisting as a single vesicle. So the cerebral hemispheres do not appear. This malformation is associated with the absence of olfactory bulbs, olfactory tracts, corpus callosum, pellucid septum. The thalamus is undeveloped and cytoarchitectural anomalies occur. The brainstem and cerebellum are normally developed. Alobar holoprosencephaly is associated with facio-nasal malformations with varied morphology. The most serious malformation is the cyclopia, due to the fusion of orbits and eyeballs.The worst forms are unviable. Kinesitherapy plays an essential role in the complex treatment, improving the quality of life of the patients.

Keywords: Holoprosencephaly, abnormal development, kinesitherapy.


3C therapy in recovery of infantil autism


Spiru Haret University, Berceni street, 24, Bucharest

Abstract: Introduction. Autism is a brain disorder that affects the ability to communicate and interact with others. A decisive role in the onset of autism, in addition to its genetic significance, is played by environmental factors. At first-degree relatives is observed an increased incidence of affective disorders (including those bipolar), social phobia, obsessive compulsive disorders and the "autism brain disorder", and the presence of learning disabilities and mental retardation. Infantile autism is described as a mild form of the disorder and it has a frequency of 3-4 times higher in boys than in girls.

Content. Severe deficits in communication, sociability and imaginative ability of children with autism require special approaches other than those needed for children with mental retardation without autism. As long as the intervention is instituted, and the greater the chances of some significant improvement. 3C therapy (awareness-coordination-concentration) is an innovative method of recovering of the deficiencies encountered in children with autism, a method developed in order to help them to become aware of their own body and psychologically autonomous.

Conclusions. 3C therapy contributes to obtaining basic physical and psychomotor automatisms. The 3C therapeutic program stimulates the acquisition, by the people with autism, of the state of awareness of their own body, but also of the capacity of perception, orientation and spatial-temporal organization. The application of the adapted and correctly dosed physical exercises decrease the aggressiveness, the self-aggression, the hyperkinetic behavior and the functional stereotypes in the children with autism.

Keywords: 3C therapy, autism, adapted physical exercise, psychomotor activity.



Description, evaluation and analysis of physical tests corresponding to tennis players

Nicolae-Alexandru BANCIU1, Germina COSMA2*, Eliana LICĂ2

1,2University of Craiova, Romania

* Correspondence address: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: In tennis, the technical skills specific to the sport are the predominant factors, although we note that in 2019 and certainly in the next years, a complex profile of the physical training factors is required in the performance tennis.

Physical testing scales help to examine the abilities of tennis players for performances at different levels both in the laboratory and in the field, at junior or senior level. While laboratory tests can be and are used to evaluate the basic performance characteristics of athletes in most individual sports, in a more specific approach, field-based exercise methods are more suited to the requirements of intermittent and complex sports such as tennis. An ordinary physical test carried out at different times of the year allows to obtain the performance profile of a player, as well as the ability to prescribe individual training interventions.

Thus, the objective of this scientific article is to describe, evaluate and analyze the different physical tests recommended and used by practitioners, scientists, athletes and institutions (national tennis federations). In this order of ideas, we will be able to determine methods of optimizing the physical training specific to the technical skills of the tennis players, which we will experiment and validate using the INCESA research infrastructure of the University of Craiova.

Keywords: tennis, physical tests, physical training profile.


Analysis of the performance indices in Urban Sprint Orienteering in relation to the performance in track running

Veronica MINOIU, George Emilian MINOIU

University of Craiova, Romania

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze to what extent performance in track events leads to similar performances in the urban sprint orienteering events for male and female athletes, members of the Romanian national Orienteering team.

In order to test this assumption, we analyzed performance indices obtained in the track running races and in stages of the National Urban Sprint Championship. The good results in urban sprint competitions involve quick route choice decisions and executing them without mistakes, at a running tempo with maximum oxygen consumption. Average winning times in the urban sprint races is in most competitions between 12-15 minutes. The orienteering tasks are reduced in urban sprint events, but the concentration must be at maximum during the entire race. The differences between the performance indices in the track events and orienteering competitions are generated mostly by route choice and not noticing impassable obstacles, which leads to detours.

Following the analysis, it was proven that for both male and female groups of athletes sampled, there was only one stage with the significant statistical link between performances obtained in track trials and in competitions at a statistical threshold value of 1%. However, a direct statistical link was confirmed at high intensity with a statistical threshold value between 0.001 - 0.008 between performances obtained in different championship stages. Excluding the influence of the cognitive factor, we observe the direct link indicating the increased performance in Orieteering events if performance in the running trials increases.

Keywords: Orienteering, National Championship, running performance, Orienteering Performance


The Importance of Classical Ballet Elements in Teaching D Group-Specific Technical Elements in Aerobic Sport

Marian Costin NANU1 *,  Dorina ORȚĂNESCU2, Roxana DUMITRU 3, Germina COSMA4, Cătălin FORȚAN5

1,2,3,4,5University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport

* Correspondence address: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: The present research aimed to identify multiple means of action in the field of aerobic sport to facilitate the acquisition of D group-specific difficulty elements. In order to simplify the methodical procedures required for teaching said elements, we employed various classical ballet, wall-mounted barre and center elements. Materials and Methods. The experiment was conducted with the help of a group of 12 athletes from an aerobics club in Craiova and included 8 operational programs focusing on the main characteristics of the difficulty elements at issue. Results. The suggested means of action proved to be effective, as the practice routines were fully embraced and cheerfully carried out by the athletes. Conclusions. The means established for the choreographic training contributed not only to the achievement of particular movements that accounted for expressivity and correctness, but also to the improvement of certain performance indices. 

Keywords: ballet, difficulty, aerobic sport


Particularities of the university participatory management

Gabriel Ioan MANGRA, Alexandru Octavian SIMION, Eliana LICĂ


Strada Brestei 146, Craiova 200207

Abstract: In the middle of different organized societies, as a result of the geographical conditions and  historical inheritance, the university is an independent institution which produces and spreads the culture in a critical way by using research and education. The university is an organization that integrates students, teachers, technicians having the mission of generating, transferring and spreading knowledge.

Participatory management is a form of leadership of an organization customized by the fact that, besides managers, representatives of the organization’s personnel are involved in the management process.

Given that this form of management is adopted or not at global level in various organizations or economic companies depending on their particular social system, political system, level of economic and social development and entrepreneurial culture, the participatory management of students is compulsory in the universities in Romania and is stipulated in the Education Law which emphasizes that managerial teams in universities are formed in proportion of 75% by professors and researchers and 25% by students.

Participatory management of students is indirect and although they participate by voting in the decision making process of the University Senate, their concerns are generally confined to social issues that affect them and less to the educational process.

Taking into account this framework, in this article are summarized some suggestions for improving students' participatory management with effects on increasing the quality of their professional and even entrepreneurial training.

Keywords: education, university management, participatory management, entrepreneurship.


Development of motor qualities to students  through handball game 

Marius Cătălin POPESCU, Septimiu Sorin POPESCU, Gabriel Ioan MANGRA, Dragoş Laurențiu DIACONESCU, Mihai Constantin Răzvan BARBU

University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Craiova

e-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract: Today's handball game is undergoing intense development, similar to other sectors of social life. The specialists in the field, through their studies and experience, are concerned with the continuous improvement of the handball game such as increasing the efficiency of the attack phases and improving the finalization. In handball, speed, regardless of its form of manifestation, represents the motor quality with the greatest influence on the quality of the game. Following the initial testing, we analyzed the results obtained, elaborated the team's training program and established the game model in attack and defense. At the end of the training period, the team players again took the samples from the initial testing. The system of standardized means, adapted to the age particularities of the students, used in the training process, has led to an increase of the motor potential, which is demonstrated by the progress obtained in the final test.

Keywords motor qualities, specific means, handball, school, speed




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